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Sir Ahmadu Bello

Sardauna of Sokoto


Presidents & Heads of State in Nigeria since Independence

Arewa House Event Honors Sir Ahmadu Bello and Dr. Martin Luther King

Genealogy of Sardauna (Gamji


BARKA DA ZUWA SASHIN SARDAUNA Ahmadu Bello, Sardauna of Sokoto

40th Anniversary of Sardauna

Sir Alhaji Ahmadu Bello, the Sardauna of Sokoto:

 The seasons of a man’s life

The life of Ahmadu Bello may be divided, roughly, into three categories:

  • 1) Pre-adult (childhood and education), from 1909—1931: twenty-two years;

  • 2) Early adulthood (work and early career), from 1931—1949: eighteen years;

  • 3) Middle adulthood (political career), from 1949—66: seventeen years.

At age fifty-six, just as he would be entering late adulthood, he dies. Within these periods, his own personality evolves, and he functions within a complex set of relations with family and friends. Much of the focus of his legacies has been on the period from 1949—66, i.e. during his political career. Yet the earlier periods set the stage for the later drama. To celebrate the life of Sardauna and study his legacies and assess the impact of Ahmadu Bello it is necessary to look at his life in seven major areas of Nigerian political development:

  1. Political Parties and Elections;

  2. Traditional Leadership;

  3. Civil Service;

  4. Development Strategy;

  5. Religious Issues;

  6. Consolidation of Community; and

  7. Values and Symbols of Leadership. And the assessment has been over two major time periods:

  • Pre-independence and Early independence. The main aspects of his impact in these areas are.. READ ON>>  or see in (pdf)

Northern Leaders Extol Virtues of Sardauna

NORTHERN Elders extolled the virtues of the late Premier of Northern region, Sir Ahmadu Bello at his 40th death anniversary.. READ MORE>>




Click to see pictures & guest of honors

The 40th Anniversary of the Death of Sir     

Alhaji Ahmadu Bello, the Sardauna of Sokoto, the grandson of Usman Dan Fodio and Premier of the Northern Region is an occasion that marks yet another crossroads in the History of Northern Nigeria and indeed Nigeria and Africa in general. It is undoubtedly a sad moment yet a momentous occasion, one that calls for Prayers, reflection, understanding and brotherhood...and one that calls for action, a collective resolve to resurrect Gamji in his wisdom and believes that every Nigerians, and human beings are created equal, that they are endowed by God with rights among which are life, liberty, equal opportunity, blessings and the legitimate pursuit of happiness.


Ahmadu bello believed in hard work and setting priorities and goals. But underlying the efforts and intentions of man, is the will of God. He believes he will not die a minute before or after his allotted time. This gives him the courage to undertake what he believes he must do in his remaining time. He is not one to linger in philosophical reflection. He is a man of action, and often moves from a gut-level reaction to events. He believes he should set an example of how a Muslim should live, and die. The legacy of the Shehu and Bello has caught up with him. He wants to be one with them. He wants to recapture the simplicity of his early life. He wants to give away his worldly possessions. He wants to make his peace. It is from these values that he has drawn his strength to lead. Through his endeavour he helps to shape the future of Nigeria. That the worst we can do, the ultimate worst we can do is to do nothing to live his legacies. We owe it to ourselves, our children and grandchildren to cherish and live the Legacy of Sardauna.

NIGERIA: Crisis and Reconstruction, and Lesson (Death and Response) - Detail event following the January 15 coup and the Counter Coup that followed (the Sardauna Legacy) - The transition from the civilian administration of the “First Republic” to a military government headed by Major-General J. I. Agutyi Ironsi begins to occur almost as soon as the junior officers attempt their coup. The continuities and discontinuities of leadership over the next six months provide an important chapter in Nigerian history, both at the national and Northern Regional levels. On January 15, the Council of Ministers of the Federal Republic issues a statement saying that ‘a dissident section” of the..READ ON>> (coming soon)


Citation on Sir Ahmadu Bello

By Professor Iya Abubakar

For Sardauna, governance was service to the common man

By Chief Sunday B. Awoniyi 

Northern Leaders Extol Virtues of Sardauna of Sokoto

By Arewa House





Arewa House

Daily Trust

Tafawa Balewa

Murtala Mohammed





Dr. BJ Adamu 

The Legacy Continues...

The Late Sardauna lived a humble and decent life while on earth. His legacies are more enduring than any other legacies set aside in the post-independence Nigeria. He is the indeed the Greatest Nigerian and leader of this century. Allah ya jikan Gamji. Amin

Arewa House is the centre for historical documentation and research of the Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.

The Northern Generation


The first generation of northern civil servants (i.e. those born in the decade from about 1910— 20) tended to be cohorts from Katsina College, and had good personal relationships with their colleagues (including Ahmadu Hello) who had gone into political life.

The second generation of northern civil servants (i.e. those born during the 1920s, and reaching senior status in the service during the transition to independence) were also part of the Katsina/Kaduna-Zaria educational connection, and had close working relations with their “seniors,” in the civil service and in the political realm.

The third generation of northern civil servants (i.e. those born in the 1930s and entering the senior service after independence) tended to have overseas educational experience, and there was often a sharp difference in perspective from those in the first and second generations.


The ability of Ahmadu Bello to retain the loyalty and often grudging respect of the third generation of civil servants was crucial to his efforts at orderly change and development. Indeed, the cohesion was so strong between the various generations within the civil service, partly because of their common work ethic and sense of propriety, that they were able to achieve great strides in development during a relatively short time. Ahmadu Bello had an almost blind faith in youth and education. He felt that the next generation of northern young people would not disappoint him, despite the obvious differences in political opinions on many matters. The Premier’s Office served as a catalyst for ideas and action within the civil service, and provided a strong bulwark against the increasing pressures of political encroachment. READ ON>>


Alhaji Sir Ahmadu Bello (1909 - 1966)



Zik: “Let us forget our differences….”


Ahmadu Bello - "No, let us understand our differences. I am a Muslim and a Northerner. You are a Christian, an Easterner. By understanding our differences, we can build unity in our country.”  READ MORE>>

Sir Ahmadu Bello lived a short but fulfilled life. His biography is a story of courage, perseverance, diligence, honesty, patriotism and service to mankind. He was a teacher, farmer, administrator, politician, statesman and religious leader. He built edifices which survived him. He was the PREMIER of the northern region of Nigeria and the Greatest Nigerian leader.

SIR Ahmadu Bello, the late Sardauna of Sokoto and Nigerian political leader is grandson of Usman Dan Fodio, the founder of the Sokoto Caliphate. In 1949, Sir Ahmadu Bello co-founded the Northern People's Congress, and was successively regional Minister of Works, of Local Government, and of Community Development. In 1954, he became the first Premier of Northern Nigeria, a position he held until 1966. His greatest legacy was the modernization and unification of the diverse people of Northern Nigeria. He was killed in the   January, 1966 military coup.

“Here in the Northern Nigeria we have People of Many different races, tribes and religious who are knit together to common history, common interest and common ideas, the things that unite us are stronger than the things that divide us. I always remind people of our firmly rooted policy of religious tolerance. We have no intention of favouring one religion at the expense of another. Subject to the overriding need to preserve law and order, it is our determination that everyone should have absolute liberty to practice his belief according to the dictates of his conscience…”  - Sir Ahmadu Bello

“I am not unaware that I have often been a controversial figure. I have been accused of lack of nationalism and political awareness because I considered that independence must wait until a country has the resources to support and make a success of independence. I have been accused of conservatism because I believe in retaining all that is good in our old traditions and customs and refusing to copy all aspects of other alien civilizations have been accused of many things, but the views of others have never made me deviate from the path which I am certain is the one which will benefit my people and country. I have always based my actions on my inward convictions, on my conscience and on the dictates of my religion” – Sir Ahmadu Bello


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